The Council of the Ruling Family
According to article (14) of the Permanent Constitution of the State of Qatar, a Council named "The Council of the Ruling Family" shall be established by an Emiri decree. The Emir shall appoint the Members of such Council from the members of the Ruling Family. Article (15) of the Permanent Constitution of the State of Qatar determined the responsibility of "The Council of the Ruling Family" in the event of the Emir’s demise or when he becomes totally incapacitated to discharge his functions. Thus, The Council of the Ruling Family shall determine the vacancy of the position of the Emir in such circumstances. Following this, the Council of Ministers and Al-Shoura Council shall, after a secret joint session, announce the vacancy. They would declare the Heir Apparent as the Emir of the State.
Council of Ministers
According to Chapter (3) “The Executive Authority “of the Permanent Constitution of the State of Qatar, The formation of the Council of Ministers shall be established by an Emiri Order on a proposal by the Prime Minister. The Emir may entrust the Prime Minister or any other Minister with the functions of one or more ministries. The law shall specify the powers of Ministers.
The Prime Minister shall, preside over the sessions of the Council. He shall organize its proceedings and supervise coordination of work among the various Ministries to achieve unity and harmony among the Governmental organs of the State. The Prime Minister shall sign, in the name and on behalf of the Council of Ministers, decisions made by the Council.
He shall also submit to the Emir the decisions of the Council on matters requiring an Emiri Resolution for approval and issuance in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution. Article (121) of the of the Permanent Constitution of the State of Qatar defined The Council of Minsters as functioning as “as the highest executive organ, to administer all the internal and external affairs falling within its jurisdiction as determined in this Constitution and the provisions of the law”.
Also, it has determined the following functions of the the Council of Ministers: